Bush are a British rock band formed in London, England in 1992. Their current lineup includes lead vocalist and rhythm guitarist Gavin Rossdale, lead guitarist Chris Traynor, bassist Corey Britz, and drummer Robin Goodridge.
In 1994, Bush found immediate success with the release of their debut album, Sixteen Stone, which is certified 6× multi-platinum by the RIAA. They went on to become one of the most commercially successful rock bands of the 1990s, selling over 10 million records in the United States. Despite their success in the United States, the band were less well known in their home country and enjoyed only marginal success there. Bush have had numerous top ten singles on the Billboard rock charts and one No. 1 album with Razorblade Suitcase in 1996. The band broke up in 2002 but reformed in 2010, and have released three albums since then: The Sea of Memories (2011), Man on the Run (2014), and Black and White Rainbows (2017).
After leaving his band Midnight, Gavin Rossdale met former King Blank guitarist Nigel Pulsford in 1992. The two bonded over an appreciation of the American alternative rock group the Pixies. The two formed a new band which they called Future Primitive. Describing the early sound of the group, one British record label executive said years later, “They weren’t what they are today – they were a little like the more commercial side of INXS”. The pair then recruited bassist Dave Parsons and drummer Robin Goodridge to complete the line-up. The group soon chose the name “Bush”, naming themselves after Shepherd’s Bush, London, where the band members used to live.
In 1993, the band was signed by Rob Kahane, who had a distribution deal with Disney’s Hollywood Records. The band completed recording its debut album Sixteen Stone in early 1994. However, the death of Disney executive Frank G. Wells eliminated a supporter for Kahane, and executives at Hollywood deemed Bush’s album unacceptable for release. As a result, the members of Bush took jobs performing menial labour. Interscope Records ultimately decided to release the album, and at the end of 1994, Kahane sent an advance copy of the album to a friend at influential Los Angeles radio station KROQ-FM, which added the song “Everything Zen” to its rotation.
On the Billboard Music Charts (North America), Sixteen Stone peaked at No. 4 on the Heatseekers and Billboard 200 charts. The album spawned two Top 40 singles. After about six months of promotion for Sixteen Stone, the album began to sell well, once “Comedown” and “Glycerine” struck America. Additionally, “Little Things” and “Machinehead” both charted well in North America.
Bush have been described as post-grunge, grunge,alternative rock, and hard rock. One of the first bands to be described as post-grunge, Bush were labeled almost pejoratively as post-grunge. Matt Diehl of Rolling Stone described Bush as “the most successful and shameless mimics of Nirvana’s music”. In the book Fargo Rock City: A Heavy Metal Odyssey in Rural North Dakota, Chuck Klosterman wrote, “Bush was a good band who just happened to signal the beginning of the end; ultimately, they would became the grunge Warrant”.
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